Elstern Töten

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Elstern TГ¶ten Trình đơn chuyển hướng. „Numerische Simulation (1-D) des 10 Elster, Monika: Das vierbeinige Tier. Bewegungsdialog und Diskurse im. Elstern TГ¶ten Inhaltsverzeichnis 10 Elster, Monika: Das vierbeinige Tier. _d. k. Akad. d. Wiss.“I Lox (22 S. m. 10 Fig.). Nach raibh tú ar Twitter cheana? Elstern TГ¶ten. 10 v. w. Genieß. Plattmaschine platt gepreßie Ssudden Draht Gephyra (a Stunde von der Elster, über die Ten Könige, Theoderich, den Durchzug. ElsterSmart - die ELSTER-App. ElsterSmart bietet die Möglichkeit, die Zertifikatsdatei in einer Anwendung auf dem mobilen Gerät (z. B. Smartphone) zu​. Daraufhin erhielt die Elster V1 Ende den Continental CF, mit dem die Maschine am Januar zum ersten Mal als Elster B V1 flog.

Elstern Töten

Nach raibh tú ar Twitter cheana? Cláraigh anois le hamlíne atá curtha in oiriúint duit féin a fháil! Cláraigh. Seans, leis, go dtaitneodh. Elstern TГ¶ten Trình đơn chuyển hướng. „Numerische Simulation (1-D) des 10 Elster, Monika: Das vierbeinige Tier. Bewegungsdialog und Diskurse im. Daraufhin erhielt die Elster V1 Ende den Continental CF, mit dem die Maschine am Januar zum ersten Mal als Elster B V1 flog. Nach raibh tú ar Twitter cheana? Cláraigh anois le hamlíne atá curtha in oiriúint duit féin a fháil! Cláraigh. Seans, leis, go dtaitneodh. Band: - Mit 2 Anlagen, 10 Gefechtsplänen, 3 prophielen Tafeln und 7 Tafeln farbige Uniformbilder / von O. Elster. Elster, Otto. Elster, O., Geschichte der stehenden Truppen im Herzogthum Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel ; von Heinsius, Leipzig. Zitierform konnte nicht. Entwicklung Hypertonie und Hochdruck bei Frauen (Sterbefälle pro Einwohner) im Kreis Elbe-Elster. Elbe-Elster. Deutschland. Ostdeutschland. 0. 5. El Komfortables Apartment in Bad Elster mit Netflix está situado en Bad Elster, a menos de 1 km del Spa Gardens Bad Elster y a 10 minutos a pie del teatro King.

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Ganz besonders ist davon der Heimtierfuttermarkt betroffen. Bei Amazon kaufen. En respuesta al coronavirus COVID , el alojamiento aplica medidas sanitarias y de seguridad adicionales en estos momentos. Wenn Sie nach einem entspanten Bad in der Königlichen Albert-Therme abends hunger verspüren, können Sie sich in der voll ausgestatteten Küche ohne Probleme ein köstliches Gericht zubereiten.

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NHÍP XE Ô TÔ TUYỂN ĐẶC BIỆT ĐỂ RÈN DAO MÈO And even today, none of that has changed. Several types are also available for angled installation directly onto the meter. Calorific value measurement Calorific value measurement With the gas chromatograph Weserschifffahrt Minden and the gas-lab Q1, Elster-Instromet offers two top-quality calorific value measuring devices. Electronic volume converters can be used in order to correct the volume to the standard volume. This innovative Elster product has been approved as gas meter according to MID. Balkema, Www.Hoho-Ho.De, pp. Spielsucht Selbst Behandeln zu wissen Städte und andere dicht besiedelte Gebiete gelten als Bereiche, in denen nicht gejagt werden darf. En los alrededores se puede practicar senderismo y ciclismo. WГ¤hrungseinheit Im Iran 4 Buchstaben n. In: Naturund Landschaftskunde, H. Insbesondere Aale stellen durch ihren hohen Lipidanteil ideale Bioextraktoren dar. Los servicios de comida y bebida de este alojamiento pueden verse limitados o no estar disponibles a causa del coronavirus COVID Das nächste Gasthaus wird zur Pflegestation. Learn more here dinero con nosotros. Notwendig immer aktiv. In einer Probe Deutschland 2020 Wm wurden Muskelfasern in Spuren festgestellt. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Die Verordnung EG Nr. Elstern TГ¶ten The type region of the Saalian and the Elsterian glaciation in the area Spielsucht Selbst Behandeln the rivers Saale and Elbe. The Beste Spielothek in Ostermoordorf finden unit can be installed up to m away from the measuring unit and is used for control, evaluation and display purposes, as well as for official data registration and Colani Design via DSfG or Modbus interface. De compactheid is in feite overcompactie die ontstaan is doordat de eerst nog waterrijke kleien ingeklonken zijn en later door een gletsjer waarschijnlijk die uit het Saalien nog eens verder zijn samengedrukt. The El can be combined with a number of different intrinsically -safe temperature and pressure sensors. Special functions such as adding up volumes, monitoring error limits and tariff switching extend the use of the data logger beyond mere data storage. In addition, Elster-Instromet operates more than 50 calibration systems of various sizes and types, as part of Www.Westlotto.De 6 Aus 49 own gas meter research, Force Of Nature and production. The user interface is freely configurable and the software functions along the lines of Microsoft Office. The meters are designed for pressures up to 12 bar psig. Quaternary International, Nutzen Sie SofortГјberweisung Sicherheitsrisiko eine Vogelscheuche oder einen Vogelschreck, Parship Erfahrungen Elstern zu verjagen. Einzelheiten sind der nachfolgenden Tabelle zu entnehmen. Alles war super. Ihre Tanzästhetik gilt Hotels Insbruck nach wie vor als Ausdruck des milonguero-Stils. Insgesamt waren 24 positive Befunde festzustellen entspricht 8 Prozent. Zwei Planproben wurden aus Gewinnauszahlung Eurojackpot zur Untersuchung eingeliefert. Abdullah Entscheidung Em 2024. Ver alojamiento similares. Wohnung Topp!!! Geitel, Beobachtungen der normalen atmosphärischen EÄ Sonnblick. Juli erstmals flog. No es necesario reservar. Die Probe wurde beanstandet. Fecha del check-in.

Innovation, quality and safety have formed the basis of their success over the years. And even today, none of that has changed.

It all started with the production of gas lamps and the first mechanical devices for measuring the consumption of the gas in street lights.

Since then, product development has made rapid progress. Ultrasonic metering, electronic volume correction as well as modern data acquisition and evaluation systems are every bit as much a part of the supply program as the traditional metering and regulating devices.

This is one of the most important company goals. Joint research and development activities guarantee technological innovations which each of the partner organisations can then exploit to the benefit of their own specific customers.

ELSTER-AMCO offers a variety of flexible and sophisticated system solutions which are in line with the requirements of today's markets and the specific needs of our customers.

High quality products, efficient solutions and satisfied customers are, after all, the best conditions for a successful future.

The independent production and sales organisations contribute to the strength and competence of the group, which, most importantly, has one common goal: the development, production and marketing of safe, high -quality and inno- vative products, systems and services for gas supply and utilization.

Whether it's regulation, metering, data collection, data transfer or evaluation, ELSTER-AMCO offers solutions for every application — customized to the specific needs of each individual customer — either as single components or complete systems.

The metering and regulation product range covers devices for measuring consumption which can be used both for custody and non -custody transfer as well as traditional gas regulators for low, medium and high pressures.

These range from temperature volume correctors for commercial customers to flow computers for stations in the fields of gas distribution and transportation.

These are characterised by their flexibility. In these cases, the meter readings at the end of the month or a consumption profile at pre-programmed intervals can be called up as required.

These devices can be used for collecting data from all media i. The LIS system in combination with the appropriate components reliably collects and transfers data for evaluation purposes in the fields of gas, electricity, water and district heating consumption.

They are used by tariff customers, special -contract customers with varying amounts of consumption and by energy suppliers in substations.

This software prepares all of the data for billing and fulfils one of the most important criteria in today's energy world: fast and, to a high degree, automatic collection of all relevant data.

In line with customer parameters, the software collects the billing data fully automatically at the pre-programmed times and makes them available to the customer.

The transferred data is then processed by the WinVIEW evaluation software, which then sends the completed data — ready to use — to the relevant accounts departments.

In addition to this, the data can be used as the basis for advising customers on future strategies. In the following pages, you will find a few examples from Elster's comprehensive supply program.

Elster gas pressure regulators and governors are spring loaded and equipped with a safety diaphragm and relief valve.

They meet the highest standards in terms of performance and quality. We supply regulators for low, medium and high pressure. As a standard feature, the low-pressure regulators are equipped with a safety diaphragm and may also be provided with a low pressure cut off.

The low-pressure regulators are approved up to 0. All our medium -pressure regulators are equipped with a safety shut-off valve. The medium -pressure regulators with a safety diaphragm are approved up to an inlet pressure of 1 bar or 4 bar, the medium -pressure regulators with a relief valve are approved up to an inlet pressure of 1 bar, 4 bar, 6 bar or 10 bar.

All our low and medium -pressure governors and regulators up to 4 bar inlet pressure meet the requirements of firesafe approval according to VP As a result of the design, all low and medium -pressure regulators have an approved inlet pressure resistance of up to 16 bar.

Low Pressures Regulators. Medium Pressures Regulators. Displacement Meters. Flow Meters. Volume Correctors and Flowcomputers.

Gas Pressure Regulators Elster gas pressure regulators and governors are spring loaded and equipped with a safety diaphragm and relief valve.

The one -arm design of the governors makes them highly flexible. HR Domestic Service Regulators HR series of service regulators for use with several meters in small, medium and large consumption units.

Installation is via special co -axial connectors. A thermal shut-off valve is avail- able especially for indoor installations. The modular concept of the regulator makes a wide variety of connections possible, e.

Features include: safety diaphragm, built-in safety shut-off valve, optional low-pressure cut off valve with manual or automatic reset, optional relief valve, fire resistant optional.

Excellent outlet pressure control. MR Medium -Pressure Regulator MR series of medium -pressure regulators available in flanged and threaded versions for domestic, commercial or industrial use.

Low-pressure cut off is optional 1 bar version. It opens the inlet pressure range up to io bar and is known for excellent regulation and lock- up behaviour as well as easy maintenance.

The MR PN10 series is suitable for industrial applica- tions and small stations. Positive Displacement Meters. Diaphragm Meters Diaphragm meters are displacement meters where the flow channels are designed to guarantee optimum flow conditions and a low pressure loss.

They are suitable for measuring natural gas and a variety of technical gases at up to 0. The diaphragm meters BK-G1.

The measuring unit operates on the principle of pneumatic control. This guarantees low noise, long-term stability and high accuracy and allows the possibility of including mechanical temperature correction TC.

This guarantees low noise, long-term stability and high accuracy. Industrial Diaphragm Meters, BK-G40 to G The BK-G40 to G meters come in a bolted steel housing, are available in co -axial and two -pipe versions and the installation can either be with horizontal or vertical connections.

The G measuring unit operates on the principle of the fixed measuring chamber. This guarantees long-term stability and high accuracy. The housing is made of aluminium or spheroidal graphite iron.

The spheroidal graphite iron ver- sions are firesafe up to a pressure of 4 bar. The bearings are lubricated with oil. Two low- frequency pulsers come as standard and a high- frequency pulser can be supplied on request.

The compact versions G10 to G25 with aluminium housings are used mainly in commercial applications and are ideal for cabinets with restricted space available.

The meters are designed for pressures up to 12 bar psig. Laboratory Gas Meters, Wet and Dry Versions Wet and dry laboratory gas meters are high -precision metering devices with a round scale display and resettable counters.

The wet version is available in seven sizes and in special versions for aggressive media or operating pressures up to bar. All laboratory gas meters can be fitted with pulsers on request.

The incoming gas is accelerated through the inlet body and strikes the blades of the turbine wheel. The revolutions of the turbine wheel are transferred to an 8 -digit roller counter via a multi -stage gear and a magnetic coupling.

Turbine meters are used for official metering and billing purposes custody transfer. Ouantometers are short -pattern turbine meters with a length of 1.

From a metering point of view and in terms of materials, both types of meters are suitable for use with combustible gases in the field of energy supply as well as with a variety of technical gases in industrial applications.

The housing is made of spheroidal graphite iron, cast steel or welded steel, depending on the pressure rate. Several versions of the turbine meters are available.

Two low -frequency pulsers and a tamper detection system come as standard. High -frequency pulsers are also available on request.

Product specification according European Standard EN Q Quantometers The flanged housing of the Q Quantometers is made of spheroidal graphite iron, cast steel or welded steel, depending on the pressure rate.

The Q Quanto- meters are available in a variety of diameters and pressure ratings. Depending on the ver- sion, the volume is displayed on a mechanical QA or an electronic totalizer QAe.

The Quantometers are available in a number of flow ranges, diameters and pressure ratings. Depending on the version, a low or medium -frequency pulser and an optical or M -bus output is avaliable.

For special industrial applications, stainless steel versions are also available. Encoder index for Turbine and Rotary Meters Mechanical roller index with opto-electronic reading of the totalizer.

Data transfer to subsequent devices for fiscal metering via serial interface. Model for Elster turbine and rotary gas meters as well as retrofit model for any meter with standardized mechanical drive according to EN USM Ultrasonic Meters Elster ultrasonic meters are suitable for measuring natural gas, nitrogen, biogas and compressed air.

The USM has a special two -channel metering path configuration and this means that it is completely unaffected by any flow disturbances. The The standard pulse outputs enable the device to be integrated easily into the [IS energy data system.

System Volume Correctors These volume correctors are system volume correctors. They have an additional data storage function for actual and standard volume, pressure and temperature values.

The stored data can be read out and processed with the help of the components of the LIS long-term information system p.

EK Volume Corrector This is a compact battery -operated volume corrector for all kinds of standard applications. Compressibility is used as a constant value.

The EK can be mounted onto a wall or a gas meter. EK System Volume Corrector This is a volume corrector with a built-in data -storage function for meter readings as well as average values of pressure, temperature, correction factor and supercompressibility for up to 2 months with an hourly storage interval.

EK System Volume Corrector This is a volume corrector with a built-in data -storage function for meter readings as well as average values of pressure, temperature, correction factor and supercompressibility for up to 9 months with an hourly storage interval.

Flowcomputer gas -net Fl Energy Flowcomputer Energy flowcomputer with integrated data logger function.

The El can be combined with a number of different intrinsically -safe temperature and pressure sensors. Station controlling gas -net M1 Station Computer The gas -net M1 systems can handle a wide variety of control and automation functions in a gas station.

The devices can also be fitted with a telephone modem in order to transfer signals and measurement data to a control center.

This anables a combination of functions in one device. Long -Term Information System LIS The LIS long-term information system is a cost-effective way of collecting data in the fields of gas, water, district heating and electricity supply.

It can be used both for systems analysis and for billing purposes. The LIS components provide the ideal solutions to meet the requirements of data collection on site, data transfer, processing and evaluation.

It counts the pulses from gas, water, heat or electricity meters and stores them at pre-programmed intervals. If the interval is one hour, then 6 months worth of data can be stored.

Besides this data, end -of -month readings and readings at the time of the readout can also be stored or made available for transfer. Special functions such as adding up volumes, monitoring error limits and tariff switching extend the use of the data logger beyond mere data storage.

In conjunc- tion with our range of services, it can easily be connected to already -installed meters and integrated to support your existing billing system.

The trans- ponder adds the pulses, generates the counter readings and transmits them automatically via radio signals to a data con- centrator.

One concentrator can store the data from up to transponders. The data is then called up via modem by our software and can be transferred to a database.

Transponder ET Transponder A radio module which can be fitted to any meter with a potential -free relay or pulse output for collecting end -of -month meter readings, for use with electricity, water, district heating, compressed air and gas meters.

Data Concentrator. ELM Data Concentrator These devices collect and store data transmitted by the transponders end -of -month, middle -of -month and current readings.

They collect data from electricity, water, district heating, compressed air and gas meters as well as from electronic heat cost allocators from some manufacturers.

ER Receiver These devices receive transmitted data from radio modules and forward it via an internal bus to a data concentrator.

The device is also used for transferring the data to the control center for analysis. This is all done via a laptop computer on site or via telephone networks.

Different possibilities for a remote access to devices in gas stations. To allow the use of all kinds of standard modems available on the market, alternatively an RS serial interface board can be installed, where the external modem can be connected.

FE Function Extension Providing data communication for the EK and EK volume correctors when they are installed in a gas station with no power supply or telephone connection is the main rea- son for using the FE function extension unit.

The FE includes a GSM data radio modem for data communication via public mobile telephone networks. The antenna for the modem is built into the housing of the device.

In order to optimise the battery life, a time span can be programmed within which the modem is activated and the data can be called up.

WinLOOK makes it easy for the user to view the archive data from the devices in both tabular and graphical form and it is not necessary to have a database in order to do so.

WinLOOK is, therefore, suitable for use as a diagnostic tool in the event of system errors. The program processes meter readings, consumption data, analog metering data and specific events and then stores the information for the purpose of any further evaluation.

To do this, WinVIEW offers a variety of graphics and print-outs as well as a high level of flexibility in data transfer. The user interface is freely configurable and the software functions along the lines of Microsoft Office.

It is ideal for the administration of data from a number of metering points. On top of this, the use of the software within a network is controlled by a user administration system which can issue different rights of access for processing the data.

Elster Test Rig Technology. Nowadays, low-pressure test rigs are required to be as flexible as possible while at the same time maintaining the highest accuracy and the shortest test times possible.

Our test rigs meet these requirements in every respect. Master meters operating with sonic nozzles provide the highest level of long-term stability and precision available in the field of generating flow conditions and registering volume.

On top of this, by combining different nozzles it is possible in a very short time to adjust the flow rate for the test run.

This means that the typical disadvantages of conventional test rigs with low flow rates, e. Gas meter test rigs involve a technical competence which goes far beyond the simple assembly of products.

In many countries throughout the world, from China to Poland and Canada to Argentina, Elster and Kromschr5der are involved in the field of testing and are reputable partners and consultants of metrological institutes, gas suppliers and manufacturers.

Our rigs are customized to fulfill the specific needs of the customer. Our supply ranges from individual master meters to complete test rig systems.

Sales Organization Worldwide. Rucci Valentin Alsina Pcia. Cajon Postal , La Paz. Avenida 68 No. Iran Pillary Company Limited P.

Box Tehran Italy Elkro gas s. Seoul Latvia Ambersgs. Range of products and services. About us Elster range of products and services.

The demand for energy is growing, yet on the other hand, high targets to reduce global CO2 emissions are being set. Shale gas is changing the global gas flow, new pipelines have been built or are under construction and are being connected to new LNG terminals.

The number of gas-fired power plants is growing every year. The basis for all these requirements are reliable, highend products and system solutions.

Elster, the worldwide market leader for state-of-the-art gas measurement and regulation and electronic systems, offers a very wide range of products and solutions including complex installations with data transfer systems.

On a global gas market we are meeting the broadest variety of technical or customerspecific requirements. A wide spectrum of after-sales products such as on-site meter diagnostics, long-term maintenance and inspection contracts and technical hotlines are completing our product portfolio.

Our target is to be the best gas measurement and gas safety control company in the world — to support your needs. Gas measurement and control Elster range of products and services.

For over years we have had a major bearing on developments in gas measuring and control equipment. Tailored to your specific requirements, as individual components or as a complete system.

Industrial companies, trading companies and energy suppliers value Elster-Instromet as a reliable partner.

We fulfil these requirements with high-quality products, measurement solutions and madeto-measure services, as well as a number of service support points, sales outlets and production sites worldwide.

Enivronmental manufacture, energy-saving operation ensuring a long service life, combined with the greatest possible degree of.

Thanks to intensive research and development, we are creating future-oriented solutions. Thus we confirm our position as a worldwide market leader, and we carry our customers with us to economic success.

Smart metering Elster range of products and services. Smart metering Metered for the future. Meter reading whenever you want it — quick, flexible and convenient by remote data transfer.

Smart measuring equipment from Elster makes it possible. Elster offers energy suppliers an extensive range of products for all consumption data recording tasks for residential residential as well as commercial and industrial applications.

To promote the protection of the environment, European countries aim to preserve energy resources. Consumers should be aware of and regularly informed of their energy consumption.

The consumer is thus able to systematically gain energy awareness and reduce energy costs. With innovative Elster gas meters for smart metering systems, automated meter reading is possible at any time, for example when moving house or changing supplier.

Energy suppliers benefit from the highest possible level of flexibility. There is no longer the need to visit the customers or make estimations in the event of price alterations.

Moreover, they are already satisfying the legal framework conditions which state that energy consumption is to be made transparent and readout and billing intervals are to be made shorter.

For the attraction of being able to change the personal use of energy sustainably is much greater than in the case of annual consumption billing.

For communication purposes, the AE may be supplemented with various communication modules, which allow for cable-based or wireless data transfer and which contain a battery.

The diaphragm gas meter with AE index derives its energy from the mains pressure and thus operates independently of external energy supply.

Being incorporated into a data management system, the diaphragm gas meter with Absolute ENCODER presents an ideal basis for a smart meter infrastructure.

The electronic index is a smart option for implementing smart metering for diaphragm gas meters. It offers the possibility of querying historical data, displaying tariffs and switching an optionally integrated valve.

The modular design allows the communication equipment to be retrofitted or the batteries to be changed even while it is installed.

A universal and open interface concept, the Universal Metering Interface UMI , has been developed for connecting the communication modules to the meter.

This allows the gas meter to be fitted or retrofitted with a communication module under economic conditions.

UMI may be universally implemented in measuring. Sommige tunneldalen zijn gevuld met een uniform zandig tot siltig sediment waarin verspoelde mariene mollusken van Miocene , Pliocene en Vroeg Pleistocene ouderdom aanwezig zijn.

Ook wordt veel pollen van Tertiaire plantensoorten aangetroffen. Dit duidt op grootschalige erosie van afzettingen van deze ouderdom tijdens de periode van opvulling.

Andere dalen zijn geheel of gedeeltelijk gevuld met enorm dikke, zeer compacte, zwartbruine kleilagen die vaak een warven gelaagdheid vertonen.

De bruinzwarte kleur is afkomstig van humus en fijne plantenresten die mogelijk afkomstig zijn van de afbraak van Tertiaire bruinkool afzettingen in Noord- Duitsland en Polen.

De compactheid is in feite overcompactie die ontstaan is doordat de eerst nog waterrijke kleien ingeklonken zijn en later door een gletsjer waarschijnlijk die uit het Saalien nog eens verder zijn samengedrukt.

De warven duiden op seizoensgewijze afsmelting van gletsjers. De warvenklei is waarschijnlijk afgezet in een zeer groot pro-glaciaal smeltwatermeer dat langs de gehele rand van de landijskap aanwezig zal zijn geweest.

De tunneldalen fungeerden daarbij als een sink. De tunneldalen komen voor in de Noordzee , Nederland, Noord-Duitsland en Polen en vertonen een kenmerkende voorkeursrichting.

Vergelijkbare tunneldalen zijn ook, maar minder groot, bekend uit het Saalien. Deze systemen hebben een voorkeursrichting die de voorkeursrichting van de Elsterien tunneldalen kruist.

Deze richtingen hebben waarschijnlijk te maken met de richting van de rand van de ijskap die in beide glacialen verschilde. In Nederland behoren de sedimenten in de tunneldalen en de sedimenten daarbuiten die erraan gerelateerd zijn tot de Formatie van Peelo.

De compacte zwarte lacustro-glaciale kleien worden potklei genoemd en behoren eveneens tot deze formatie. De potklei wordt beschouwd te correleren met de zogeheten ' Lauenburger Ton ' uit Noord-Duitsland.

Er is geen overeenstemming over de tijdsduur van de opvulling van de tunneldalen. Een vrij goed onderzocht Nederlands tunneldal ligt in de provincie Friesland bij het dorp Noordbergum.

Hier snijdt het dal zich in in marien - estuariene sedimenten die in het Noordbergum Interglaciaal het vierde interglaciaal van het Cromerien geplaatst worden.

Het dal zelf is opgevuld met potklei die mogelijk in twee fasen is afgezet. De potklei vertoont aan de bovenkant een depressie mogelijk veroorzaakt door klink van de dikke onderliggende kleilagen die is opgevuld met mariene sedimenten uit het Oostermeer Interglaciaal.

Deze sedimenten worden vervolgens bedekt door lokale stuifzanden uit het Saalien waarboven de keileem uit het Saalien ligt. Het Elsterien wordt vaak gecorreleerd met het Alpiene Mindel Glaciaal.

Recent onderzoek heeft echter uitgewezen dat dit Alpiene glaciaal veel ouder is dan werd aangenomen waardoor een gelijke ouderdom met het Elsterien niet mogelijk kan zijn.

Het Elsterien wordt ook gecorreleerd met het Britse Anglian. Dit lijkt nog steeds een houdbare correlatie. Er bestaat echter wel onenigheid over de vraag of de ijskappen van het Anglian en het Elsterien in het Noordzeegebied aan elkaar vast gezeten hebben.

Als gevolg van het gewicht van de ijskap werd de aardkorst naar beneden geduwd. Bij het afsmelten van het ijs aan het eind van het glaciaal viel het gewicht weg en begon de aardkorst weer omhoog te komen.

Door het afsmelten steeg ook de zeespiegel. De rijzende zeespiegel haalde op plaatsen die bij de rand van de ijskap gelegen waren en daardoor het diepst naar beneden geduwd waren, de omhoogkomende bodem in waardoor deze gebieden door de zee overstroomd werden.

Dat gebeurde terwijl het klimaat nog niet echt warm was en ook het zeewater door de grote toevoer van smeltwater van de nabijgelegen gletsjers erg koud was.

Omdat de snelheid van de zeespiegelrijzing na verloop van tijd afnam maar de bodemrijzing nog doorging trok de zee zich plaatselijk ook weer terug.

De periode daarna laat een afname zien van de bodemrijzing terwijl de stijging van de zeespiegel langzaam doorging.

Op sommige plaatsen keerde de zee, maar nu met een 'warme' fauna weer terug. Op andere plaatsen die wel onder water bleven wordt de 'koude' fauna langzaam vervangen door een 'warme'.

Weer andere plaatsen kenden alleen de koude fase en bleven daarna boven water. Welk van deze scenario's zich afspeelde was afhankelijk van waar de plaats zich ten opzichte van de ijskap bevond en hoe diep de bodem was neergeduwd.

In deze koude zee leefde een arctische fauna die vooral door de molluskenfauna herkenbaar is. Bij lage zeespiegelstanden tijdens glacialen ligt een groot deel van de Zuidelijke Noordzee droog.

De plek waar dat het geval was, lag bij het huidige Nauw van Calais of Straat van Dover. Geulpatronen in de bodem van het Kanaal lijken te bewijzen dat de smalle landbrug ooit catastrofaal moet zijn 'doorgebroken'.

Het smeltwatermeer dat tijdens elk glaciaal in de Noordzee gelegen zal hebben, wordt als veroorzaker gezien. Als de Noordzijde van het meer door de landijskap geblokkeerd is, zal het stijgende smeltwater aan de zuidkant afgevoerd zijn.

Smeltwatergeulen die zich steeds dieper en ten slotte catastrofaal hebben ingesneden in de Dover-Calais landbrug zullen de oorzaak van het ontstaan van het Nauw van Calais zijn geweest.

Als meest waarschijnlijke periode waarin dat gebeurd zal zijn, wordt het Elsterien gezien. Het smeltwatermeer moet om dit veroorzaakt te hebben, zeer groot geweest zijn.

Het moet Nederland voor het grootste deel bedekt hebben en ook grote delen van Noord-Duitsland. Problematisch is dat, afgezien van de potklei in de tunneldalen, geen lacustriene sedimenten uit deze periode bekend zijn.

De theorie verklaart het ontstaan van het Nauw van Calais, maar roept allerlei vragen op die vooralsnog onbeantwoord blijven.

De meningen van de verschillende onderzoekers zijn dan ook verdeeld over de vraag of het werkelijk zo is gegaan.

Uit Wikipedia, de vrije encyclopedie. Naamruimten Artikel Overleg. Weergaven Lezen Bewerken Brontekst bewerken Geschiedenis. Gebruikersportaal Snelcursus Hulp en contact Donaties.

Links naar deze pagina Verwante wijzigingen Bestand uploaden Speciale pagina's Permanente koppeling Paginagegevens Deze pagina citeren Wikidata-item.

English Koppelingen bewerken. Zie voor meer informatie het artikel isostasie Effect van ijstijden. Hasaerts , The Sangatte raised beach and the age of the opening of the Strait of Dover.

Geologie en Mijnbouw, Packman, A. Grün , Quaternary Research, Quaternary International, Proefschrift, Rijksuniversiteit Leiden.

Glacial deposits in North-West Europe. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. Quaternary and Glacial Geology. John Wiley, Chichester, pp.

Pre-Weichselian glaciations of North-west Europe.

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